THE SPDX WIKI IS NO LONGER ACTIVE. ALL CONTENT HAS BEEN MOVED TO https://github.com/spdx
Technical Team/Proposals/2010-12-07/Tag-value RDF mapping
The mechanism and details of how the tag-value format relates to the rdf model are not clear. Also there are many special cases regarding now following lines are parsed based on the tag. These issues combined with the lack of an overview section on the tag-value format make it hard to understand how the tag-value files should be produced.
<KES>: it is one tag per data value all on the same line, unless it is indicated as a multiple line field, in which case XML like syntax was discussed as a way to be used to delimit it. Not sure why this is so confusing? Are you looking at the WIKI or the .pdf? (WIKI could be the source of the confusion due to its formatting limiations...??? )
The direct relationship between the tags and rdf properties will be stated explicitly. All simple tag names match rdf property name without the spdx vocabulary prefix.
Arbitrary rdf properties will be allows to be tags when they are enclosed in angle brackets ("<", ">"). This will support forward compatibility and innovation by allowing vendor or communities to introduce new data into spdx files.
<KES> Whoa, the only place we have buy in from the lawyers is in the comment field. Introducing this notation, needs to be thought out, - also this conflicts with the XML notation used to denote multiline fields'.
A uniform way declare new resources (entities) and link to them will be introduced. A new resource would be declared by enclosing the type of the resource and it's uri, either full or a CURIE or node-id if it is a blank node, in square brackets ("[", "]"). The resource type will be Package, File, Project or License
<KES> Positional order will give it, I'm not sure this is adding value
A uniform way to handle multiline values will be introduced. Any tag value that started with double quote ('"') would extend until a second, unescaped, double quote was encountered. If the content of the value included a double quote it could be escaped by prefixing it with a back slash character ("\"). This will allow parsers to handle multiline values on unrecognized fields which dramatically improves forward compatibility.
Values would will be treated as literals unless the SPDX processor is aware that the tag is declared as an owl:ObjectProperty. For owl:ObjectProperty fields the SPDX processor can resolve the value into a resource by first looking at the blank node ids in the document, if the value does not match any of the declared node ids it should be treated as a CURIE or URI. For the purpose of CURIE resolution the following prefixes will be defined: license (the SPDX license repo prefix), doap
The document itself will describe an SPDXDoc resource. All tags before the first section header will be considered related to that SPDXDoc. An SDPX tag-value file will contain exactly one Package resource. Any File resources defined in the file well be assumed to be members the Files list of the package described by the SPDX file.
Example 1: Simple SPDX file with non-standard license
SPDXVersion: SPDX-1.0 CreatedBy: Tool: spdx-gen 1.0
[Package http://oss.net/foo-1.0.tar.gz] DeclaredLicense: FullLicense-1 DeclaredLicense: license:GPL2 Description: "This is along multiline value" [License FullLicnse-1] LicenseText: " Some terms and conditions " This is what the current syntax would have us show for a package header. It is fairly easily parseable, line breaks denote end of field,unless a <text>, </text> is encountered. There is no package field or tag at this point in the spec. Assumption is one package per SPDX file If we want to extend, then it could be done that all the files in a package must be listed before going to the DeclaredName of next package. Issue discussed before was file names, but we could say that all files between DeclareName, and the next, belong to that DeclaredName. DeclaredName: Foo 1.0 MachineName: foo-1.0.tar.gz SHA1: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX SPDXVerifier: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX URL: http://oss.net/foo-1.0.tar.gz SourceInfo: links to specific version of libbar.o (2.57) DeclaredLicense: FullLicense-1 DeclaredLicense: GPL-2.0 DetectedLicense: GPL-2.0 DetectedLicense: FullLicense-1 DetectedLicense: LGPL-2.0+ DetectedLicense: FullLicense-2 DeclaredCopyright: unknown ShortDesc: <text> This is a short multi line description </text> Description: <text> This is a much longer, (well sort of) multi line description to be worked with </text>
Example 2: Simple SPDX file with vendor specific tag
SPDXVersion: SPDX-1.0 CreatedBy: Tool: spdx-gen 1.0 [Package http://oss.net/foo-1.0.tar.gz] DeclaredLicense: license:GPL2 Description: "This is a long multiline value" <http://example.org/sha256-signature>: "ac44f9eecaf832..."
Example 3: Simple SPDX file with files
SPDXVersion: SPDX-1.0 CreatedBy: Tool: spdx-gen 1.0 [Package http://oss.net/foo-1.0.tar.gz] DeclaredLicense: license:GPL2 Description: "This is along multiline value" [File http://oss.net/foo-1.0.tar.gz#foo.c] Type: source DetectedLicense: license:GPL2 [File http://oss.net/foo-1.0.tar.gz#bar.c] Type: source DetectedLicense: license:GPL2
Example 4: Simple SPDX file with file and artifact info
SPDXVersion: SPDX-1.0 CreatedBy: Tool: spdx-gen 1.0 [Package http://oss.net/foo-1.0.tar.gz] DeclaredLicense: license:GPL2 Description: "This is along multiline value" [File http://oss.net/foo-1.0.tar.gz#foo.c] Type: source DetectedLicense: license:GPL2 ArtifactOf: JRandomProject [doap:Project JRandomProject] doap:name: J Random Project doap:homepage: http://oss.org/j-random-project